Mar 21, 2018  
2016-2017 Undergraduate Catalog 
2016-2017 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Overview of Undergraduate Education

Undergraduate Academic Programs

Degrees and Certificates

Lancaster Bible College exists to train and develop men and women for Christian ministries. In order to meet the need of a variety of students, the following degrees/certificates are offered within the majors outlined in this section:

Please see each program’s curriculum outline for required courses in each major. Additional information is available online.

Graduate education - please call 717.560.8297 for graduate education information or browse their pages online.

Blended and Online Courses

In order to give our students greater flexibility, several of our courses are delivered totally or partially online. We refer to courses offered partially online as blended courses, which normally include two hours of face-to-face classroom instruction and one hour of online instruction per week. Through the Accelerated Undergraduate Degree program, LBC currently offers its Concentrated Bible Certificate and Bachelor of Science in Bible degree completely online or with face-to-face instruction.

Christian Service

Christian Service provides an important part of the overall education program of the college.  Its function is to assist students in experiencing various forms of practical ministry, proclaiming Christ by serving Him in the Church and society.

Students are required to complete two 30 hour semesters of gospel centered service during their sophomore year. This requirement may change for students transferring to the college based on the number of credits transferred and prior learning experience. Christian Service is in place to reinforce learning that takes place in the classroom and further develop students as they gain experience and leadership skills.

Students should be ready to articulate the ways in which their Christian Service placement is educating them to proclaim Christ in the Church and society. Although many possibilities exist for the completion of Christian Service, some areas for service include the local church, after school programs, a rescue mission, non-profit relief work, social advocacy groups, or leadership positions on campus.

Understanding and practicing servant leadership, discovering individual strengths and weaknesses, developing skills for articulating the gospel, demonstrating faithfulness, cooperation, and teamwork, and demonstrating communication and accountability are some of the outcomes of Christian Service.


The Charles and Gloria Jones Library is located in the Teague Learning Commons. There students can enjoy the natural light pouring through large windows, comfortable furniture, quiet spaces, small group study areas, and the aroma of freshly brewed coffee from Bennee’s Bistro.

The Library holds more than 500,000 items, including over 300,000 electronic books and full text access to over 50,000 periodical titles. Online access to all databases and catalogs is available on the library home page. From the library home page students may also check their personal account, renew books, check library hours and policies, seek research assistance, and contact staff for questions. Four professional librarians and three library assistants serve on the staff. The library is open 102 hours per week during the academic year.

Study rooms are located on Level 3 and Level 5 of the Teague Learning Commons. Level 4 is designated as a quiet study area and is available for student use whenever it is not scheduled for an event. Open study areas are located on every level of the Teague Learning Commons.

Twenty-four computers equipped with Microsoft Office 2013 are available for student use only in Level 1 of the Teague Learning Commons. Students can log into the computers using their LBC user name and password. Two computers are located in the entry area and are reserved for reference and OPAC use only. Wireless access is available to students, faculty and guests. For access, please inquire at the Circulation Desk.

External Study and Cross-Cultural Experiences

Each student is required to have a cross-cultural experience sometime during their studies at LBC. Students should confirm with their advisors as to whether one of the following available options will fulfill their major’s cross-cultural requirement. It should be noted that each of the programs below has its own enrollment procedures and policies, so see the Registrar for information before applying.

Semester Abroad

Lancaster Bible College has entered into agreements with several, recognized institutions overseas, giving students opportunities to earn credits in a cross-cultural setting, including:

In addition, the Best Semester program from the Council for Christian Colleges & Universities (CCCU) offers international and domestic programs, which are open to LBC students.

For each of these programs, students remain enrolled at LBC. This allows for them to remain eligible for financial aid, other than LBC’s in-house scholarships. Students should work closely with their advisors and the Registrar’s Office to ensure that credits earned will fit into their programs. Additional information is available at each program’s website and from the Registrar’s Office.


Each year the College offers several international study tours with the option of obtaining college credit under our TraveLearn program. In recent years, tours have gone to Israel, Guyana, and Turkey. These tours are available for degree and non-degree students. More information is available from the Registrar’s Office.


Students are required to complete a three credit senior practicum as part of their professional program. There are numerous opportunities in the United States and around the world to fulfill this requirement. Intercultural studies majors are especially encouraged to complete their practicum in an international setting. Student teaching for education majors is also possible in a cross-cultural situation. Students arrange these opportunities with their advisors.

Cross-Cultural Study Program

Occasionally students may be approved to spend a semester or year abroad in a missions environment and, through special arrangements, continue their LBC education through an independent study program. Students need to work closely with their advisors to apply and be approved for this format of study.

Journey Teams

Each year the Intercultural Studies major plans 10 to 12 Journey Team trips to various regions of the world. These are available to LBC students, employees, and selected high school students. These trips do not carry college credit. A schedule is available from the Department of Church & Ministry Leadership.

Chapel and Conferences

Chapel is conducted weekly on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday on the campus of LBC. We annually host a Missions Conference, the Henry J. Heydt Lecture Series, and the Lloyd M. Perry Preaching Series. Each year the college brings outstanding individuals to campus for these events. Acclaimed, nationally known, evangelical figures such as Dr. Warren Wiersbe, Dr. Haddon Robinson, Dr. Howard Hendricks, Dr. David Jeremiah, Dr. Walt Kaiser, Dr. Perry Downs, Dr. Buster Soaries, Dr. Joni Erickson Tada, and Dr. J. P. Moreland are among those who have recently ministered on campus.

Accelerated Undergraduate Degrees

Lancaster Bible College’s Accelerated Undergraduate Degrees (AUD) is a flexible, fast, and innovative educational program designed for busy adults. For those with busy schedules that cannot accommodate our day-time, semester-long traditional programs, AUD offers evening and online courses in an accelerated format year-round, which helps students better balance their studies with their work and life.

A program catalog is available through the Accelerated Undergraduate Degrees (AUD) Office. For application and further details go online or contact 717.560.8220, toll free at 866.452.2327 or email.

Biblical Enrichment

Biblical Enrichment of Lancaster Bible College is designed to provide the local Christian community with educational experiences that will prepare lay people for service in the church and enrich their ministries. A wide selection of courses is offered each semester in Bible, counseling, Christian education, liberal arts, current events, and professional ministries. Rather than college credit, Continuing Education Units (CEUs) and certificates are awarded. College faculty are involved in teaching the courses along with well-qualified adjunct professors.

Capital Seminary & Graduate School

Because Lancaster Bible College’s Capital Seminary & Graduate School uses a cohort model and a blended learning experience (in-class and online), students can stay in their current work and ministry contexts while earning their master’s or doctoral degrees.

The following degree programs are available:

Doctoral Degrees

  • PhD in Biblical Studies
  • PhD in Leadership
  • Doctor of Ministry

Master’s Degrees

  • Master of Divinity
  • Master of Arts in Biblical Studies
  • Master of Arts in Christian Care
  • Master of Arts in Ministry
  • Master of Arts in Professional Counseling
  • Master of Education (Consulting Resource Teacher  OR School Counseling)

For a fuller explanation of these graduate degree options, click here.

Student Life

Students come to Lancaster Bible College from a variety of backgrounds and denominational persuasions. Each year, approximately 20 states and 15 foreign countries are represented, as well as 30 different denominational groups and many students from independent churches.

The primary distinctives of student life at Lancaster Bible College are the fellowship, lifestyle, and motivation for learning that result from making God’s Word central in all things. Emphasis is placed upon the private reading of the Bible, chapel, residence hall prayer meetings, sharing of the good news of salvation through Jesus Christ, discipleship programs, and Christian service through local churches and parachurch organizations.

Students who enroll at LBC are expected to refrain from the use of alcohol, tobacco, and narcotics (including marijuana and hallucinogens). Modesty and conservatism in appearance and dress are expected at all times. Further information on campus life, student services, and standards is available in The LBC Journey student handbook. The LBC Journey and other information can also be found in the Student Portal and through the Student Services Office.

Students benefit from extensive involvement in the campus life of a small college. There are opportunities for participation in: intercollegiate and intramural athletics, student government, class and club activities, International Student Fellowship, Student Missionary Fellowship, and a variety of other social and educational activities. These varied opportunities combine to offer students a unique, meaningful, and memory-filled college experience.

Please see the expanded Student Life section on Student Life  for additional information.

Financial Aid

Financing a college education can be an overwhelming experience. However, the college’s Financial Aid Office assists students in financing their college education. Approximately 85 percent of our students receive help from many sources.

The college offers numerous scholarships as part of the financial aid program. In addition, federal and state grants, as well as loans are available to students. Veterans Administration educational benefits and Vocational Rehabilitation benefits are also available for those who qualify. Finally, there are many on-campus and numerous off-campus employment opportunities.

Please feel free to contact the Financial Aid Office at 717.560.8254 for additional information. There is also additional information regarding financial aid in the Financial Information section on Financial Information .

International Students

The college invites international students to apply to Lancaster Bible College. The college counts it a privilege to educate and to train students to return to their own countries as educational and spiritual leaders to reach their own people for Christ. We are here to help you achieve your goals and support you in the process. Beyond the excellent training and preparation international students will receive by attending LBC, we also know that their presence enriches the educational environment of the college. International students bring to the campus a different culture, a different set of experiences, and a different worldview; by their very presence they become a new and exciting source of learning for everyone on the campus.

Due to the geographical distance and cultural differences, the admissions process may be lengthy and sometimes difficult, but the college’s admissions staff is prepared and willing to provide assistance during each step of the admissions process. The college also provides some financial assistance to international students.

Additional information is contained in this catalog in the admissions section on Admissions .

Bookends Bookstore

The Bookends Bookstore offers a variety of merchandise and services. Students can purchase textbooks, supplies, Bibles, and trade titles. Bookends is the official location to purchase Charger apparel along with an assortment of gift items imprinted with the LBC logo.

To serve the campus, local churches, and the community, the bookstore is open year-round during the week. Extended hours are observed at the beginning of each semester and for special events.

Details on special orders and church group discounts can be obtained by calling 717.560.8242. Requests, questions, or comments may be emailed.

Textbooks may be ordered online each semester.

Academic Majors

Philosophy of Education

Lancaster Bible College exists to educate Christian students to think and live a biblical worldview and to proclaim Christ by serving him in the Church and society. Simply stated, educating students to be servant ministry leaders is our purpose. This purpose is integrated throughout the general Institutional Goals and Core Knowledge & Skills to the more specific department objectives, program objectives, course objectives, session topics, assignments, and the various assessments. Our philosophy of education, then, unites the academic community in function and direction to fulfill our purpose at all levels.

The Context

We believe that learning occurs in the midst of culture. While the end goal of our education is captured in the mission statement, the means by which we achieve that mission are informed and shaped first by the unchanging Word of God and second by the ever-changing culture. Thus our philosophy of education emerges from the belief that God has spoken within and to cultural contexts that must continually be engaged, understood, and utilized in order to educate students to be effective in reaching the changing global community with the changeless message of Jesus Christ.

The academic departments work together to foster a community of higher learning and to formulate the undergraduate curriculum. While contributing unique components to the curriculum, they also intentionally work together to ensure that students understand the Scriptures, the world in which they live, and the means to take the Word of God effectively to that world.

The Faculty and the Student

The faculty instructs students not only through their teaching but also through their lives. Professors recognize they are disciples themselves and therefore desire to disciple their students to know, be, and do what God requires of them. Professors seek to model what they teach in all areas of life and thus are continually growing in knowledge, character, and skill. The Holy Spirit is also at work in the lives of regenerated faculty and students, adding a uniquely supernatural dynamic to our educational task.

Professors do not just teach subjects; they teach students. They understand that the students are unique, each created in the image of God to display his glory and to fulfill his plan. Since students are multi-dimensional, professors seek to instruct them in all areas of life including the spiritual, cognitive, affective, and psycho-motor domains.

Hence, instruction takes into account the differences in the students’ learning styles, personalities, and abilities. Both teaching and assessment methods are varied to fit the subject matter and the differing nature of the students. Within the bounds of Christian propriety, instructors have the freedom to use methods that will accomplish maximum learning on the part of the students.

Professors are not the sole providers of instruction. Students bring with them experiences and knowledge that are tapped to enrich the learning experience by the instructor, who builds on these to advance students in understanding, character, and ability.

The Learning Process

In considering the learning process, we hold in tension the positives of the modern quest for true knowledge and the postmodern acknowledgement that the understanding of any subject is limited by human finiteness. In the crux of that tension stands our firm foundation and authority, the Bible, the revealed word of God, which states absolute truth, but is accommodated to our human limitations. Consequently, our approach to the learning process denies both the arrogance of modernism and the relativity and absolute uncertainty of postmodernism.

The transmission of information from the instructor to the student encapsulates the most basic and fundamental component of the learning process. The measure of genuine learning, though, is not realized simply through the students’ collection of transmitted information. Rather, genuine learning is revealed through transformation in the spiritual, cognitive, affective, and psycho-motor domains of the student’s life. In order to determine the effectiveness of this transformation, appropriate and varied assessment of both teaching and learning is used and correlated with course, program, departmental, and college-wide objectives.

Because we live in an age where information is abundant and readily available, students are instructed throughout the curriculum to develop the information literacy skills necessary to collect, critically analyze, and communicate that information accurately and effectively. Having data does not imply its proper use, as knowledge alone is not equivalent to wisdom.

Students receive a holistic and integrated picture of a discipline in order to have the framework for understanding the depth of that discipline and the methodology necessary to work in it. This approach across the departments utilizes broad survey-based courses complemented with narrower in-depth courses. As students progress academically, they are expected to advance into higher levels of learning and application while understanding that by nature no subject can be examined exhaustively. This expectation does not cease upon the formal completion of the student’s education at LBC; rather, it emerges beyond LBC through the discipline of life-long learning.


In the midst of the shifts occurring in the culture today we cling to the promise that, “The Word of the Lord endures forever” (1 Peter 1:25). It is the prayer of the academic community that we glorify God by remaining true to that Word and this philosophy of education as we instruct Christian men and women to live biblically and proclaim Christ in the Church and society.

Philosophy of Curriculum

Lancaster Bible College exists to educate Christian students to think and live a biblical worldview and to proclaim Christ by serving him in the Church and society. The curriculum is designed so that this purpose can be realized by each student who attends the college.

Word of God

The Bible is central in both the name and the curriculum at Lancaster Bible College. While the people of the world search for meaning to life and eternity, the Word of God remains the only solution. Jesus Christ, the Living Word, said, “I am the way, the truth, and the life…” (John 14:6). The Bible, the written Word, is the divinely inspired source for truth and instructions for living (2 Timothy 3:16). Therefore, the college believes the answer to the world’s search is found in Jesus Christ as revealed in the Bible. LBC is committed to preparing men and women who thoroughly know the Bible and live in accordance with its principles. Consequently, LBC is a Bible college with approximately 34 percent of the curriculum being centered in the study of God’s Word through courses in the Department of Bible & Theology.


The college is preparing people to communicate to people. For this process to occur successfully, the student must know and understand people and the cultural context in which they live. This knowledge begins with self-understanding and then reaches to an understanding of others. LBC is a Bible college-a college committed to a knowledge and understanding of the entire person-physically, mentally, emotionally, socially, and spiritually. As a result, approximately 33 percent of the curriculum focuses on people and the world through course selections in the Department of Arts & Sciences.


Communication is the bridge between the Bible and the people of the world. The Word of God must be communicated. This is a mandate from God himself. Therefore, the College is committed to training effective communicators. Excellence in communication skills is essential for success in service for God. Thus, approximately 33 percent of the curriculum is devoted to major education through the Departments of Arts & Sciences, Counseling & Social Work, Church & Ministry Leadership, Education, Health & Physical Education, and Worship & Performing Arts. The college remains committed to seeing its graduates excel in service throughout the world.

Core Knowledge and Skills

LBC’s Core Knowledge and Skills, along with the college’s Mission and Vision, form the grid through which each department, and major filter their objectives. The entire curriculum is based on preparing graduates who:

  1. Demonstrate proficiency in knowing, interpreting, integrating, and applying the Scriptures.
  2. Demonstrate critical thinking skills and proficiency in acquiring, evaluating, communicating, and applying information.
  3. Develop an understanding and appreciation of, and compassion toward cultures of the world.
  4. Develop the principles necessary for a biblical worldview resulting in a dynamic understanding of one’s role in relation to God, self, and the world.
  5. Demonstrate an understanding and application of the knowledge and skills necessary for professional Christian ministry.

Curriculum and Career Preparation

Frequently the question is asked, “What can one do with a Bible college education?” Alumni studies indicate that LBC graduates are in demand and active in all types of vocations. The following list demonstrates a sampling of positions or careers available to graduates:

  • Post-Production News Media
  • Publication Copywriter
  • Web Content Manager
  • Accountant
  • Economic Analyst
  • Financial Analyst
  • HR Manager
  • Logistics Manager
  • Market Research
  • Marketing Manager
  • Operations Manager
  • Purchasing Manager
  • Real Estate Broker
  • Recruiting
  • Venture Capitalist
  • Assistant Pastor
  • Associate Pastor
  • Chaplain
  • Christian Camping (Director, Program Director)
  • Church Planter
  • Director of a Rescue Mission
  • Director of Adult Ministry
  • Director of Assimilation/Spiritual Formation
  • Director of Children’s Ministry
  • Director of Christian Education
  • Director of Family Life Ministry
  • Director of Outreach and Discipleship
  • Director of Student Ministry
  • Director of Women’s Ministry
  • Evangelism and Discipleship
  • Evangelist
  • Inner-city Evangelism
  • International Pastoral Ministry
  • International Student Ministry
  • Leadership Training
  • Minister of Visitation
  • Missionary Administrative Assistant
  • Missionary Pastor
  • Missionary Teacher
  • Orphanage Ministry
  • Parachurch Campus Ministry
  • Parachurch Children’s Ministry
  • Parachurch Student Ministry
  • Parachurch Women’s Ministry
  • Pastor
  • Pastor of Celebration Arts
  • Pastor of Discipleship/Evangelism
  • Pastor of Worship
  • Relief Work
  • Student Minister
  • Teaching Cross-Culturally
Counseling & Social Work  
  • Church Ministry Counselor
  • Crisis Center Counselor
  • Marriage and Family Counselor
  • Pre-graduate preparation
  • Psychiatric Assistant
  • Residential Care
  • School Counselor
  • Social Service Caseworker
  • Youth Counselor
  • Daycare Teacher
  • Preschool Teacher
  • Elementary School Teacher
  • Middle School Teacher
  • Bible Teacher in Christian School
  • School Counselor
  • Mission School Teacher
  • International School Teacher
  • Health and Physical Education Teacher
Health & Physical Education 
  •  Health and Physical Education Teacher
  • Athletic Director / Administrator
  • Sports Information Director
  • Director of Sports Operations
  • Recreation or Camp Director
  • Fitness Instructor of Manager
  • Head Coach
  • Sports Outreach Ministry
  • Social Media Coordinator
  • Sport Marketing Specialist
  • Public Relations Manager
  • Event and Facilities Coordinator
Worship & Performing Arts  
  • Audio Engineer
  • Composer
  • Conductor
  • Director of Music/Worship Leader
  • Live video & sound positions
  • Music Teacher
  • Music Teacher in International Bible Schools
  • Organist
  • Performer-instrumental, musical theatre, vocal, etc.
  • Pianist


If someone is planning a professional career in business, law, medicine, engineering, technology, or some other general career work, one should seriously consider at least one or two years at a Bible college to be grounded in the Bible, the eternal Word of God.

A Christian wants to use every opportunity available to help people with eternal matters as one deals with temporal concerns. A good knowledge of the Bible is essential for this, and many of the courses will be transferable to other colleges as one pursues further studies.

Curriculum Structure

The academic area of the college is structured according to the following departments:

Outcomes Assessment

Lancaster Bible College is committed to ensuring that graduates are well prepared to serve in their chosen fields of study. To that end, the college has established an outcomes assessment plan for each one of the departments and majors. Simply put, outcomes assessment asks the question, “Through data collection, can LBC demonstrate that it is accomplishing what it says it wants to accomplish in a graduate’s ministry preparation?” On the following pages, you will note department and major mission statements along with sets of objectives. These mission statements and objectives are assessed through the collection and analysis of data. Through outcomes assessment, the college is better able to ensure that it is achieving stated objectives.

Course Numbering System

The college uses a three-letter prefix to identify the subject area and a three-digit number to identify the level of difficulty (year in which the course is usually taken). The number system is as follows:

  • Courses which begin with 0 are remedial and do not qualify as credit toward graduation.
  • 100 level courses are freshman courses.
  • 200 level courses are sophomore courses.
  • 300 level courses are junior courses.
  • 400 level courses are senior courses.
  • 500 level courses are graduate courses.
  • 600 level courses are graduate courses.

The prefixes are as follows:

  BBE - Bible Education MAP - Applied Music
  BIB - Bible MAT - Mathematics
  BNT - Bible (New Testament) MFC - Marriage and Family Counseling
  BOT - Bible (Old Testament) MHC - Mental Health Counseling
  BSI - Student Internship (4-year Bible ministry majors) MPR - Music Performance
  BST - Biblical Studies MUE - Music Education
  BUS - Business MUL - Music Lab
  CFM - Children & Family Ministry MUS - Music
  CML - Church & Ministry Leadership PAS - Pastoral Studies
  CNS - Counseling PCN - Professional Counseling
  COM - Communication PHE - Physical Education
  CPS - Counseling & Psychology PHI - Philosophy
  CSS - Orientation POL - Political Science
  CSV - Christian Service PRO - Live Production
  EDU - Education PSC - Professional School Counseling
  ELE - Early Education SCI - Science
  ELM - Middle Education SOC - Social Science
  ELT - English Language Teaching (TESOL) SPF - Spiritual Formation & Discipleship
  ENS - Ensembles SPM - Sport Management
  FYE - First Year Experience

STM - Student Ministry

  HIS - History SWK - Social Work
  HPE - Health & Physical Education THE - Theology
  HUM - Humanities THR - Theatre Arts
  ICS - Intercultural Studies WCM - Women in Christian Ministry
  LAN - Language Arts WOR - Worship Arts
  LBC - Interdivisional Courses WPA - Worship Performance
  LIT - Literature  

Degree and Certificate Programs

* Minors also available

Bachelor’s/Master’s (BS/MA & BS/MEd)

Professional Counseling

Bachelor of Arts (BA)

Bachelor of Arts in Biblical Studies (BABS)

Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA)

Bachelor of Music (BMus)

Music Performance Major*  

Bachelor of Science (BS)

Bachelor of Science in Business Administration (BSBA)

Bachelor of Science in Education (BSEd)

Bachelor of Social Work (BSW)

Associate of Arts in Biblical Studies (AABS)

A variety of course options are available in this program with students able to take 12 elective hours in any course leading to a major or a concentration of course in one particular major.


Interdivisional Courses

The interdivisional course entitled Engaging Faith and Life is designed to introduce students to LBC’s mission and vision, to help them understand what God is doing in the world and their part in that work. This is accomplished by developing tools students can use to address their spiritual maturity, ministry expertise, and basic Bible knowledge. Elements of both Christian service and Christian formation are included in the course as a means to provide practical application of content learned.

Non-Divisional Courses

There are several non-divisional courses that serve specific purposes in the life of a student, as explained below:

College Success - CSS 060 College Success is designed to help students transition to college by developing a better understanding of the learning process, identifying preferred learning styles, and acquiring essential academic survival skills. (Read more under course description.)

First Year Experience - FYE 101 and FYE 102 are First Year Experience courses. The purpose of First Year Experience is to provide opportunities academically, experientially, and socially for a student to transition successfully to LBC. (Read more under course descriptions.)

Christian Service - CSV 201 and COS 202 are Christian Service courses. Christian Service provides an important part of the overall education program of the college.  Its function is to assist students in experiencing various forms of practical ministry, proclaiming Christ by serving Him in the Church and society. (Read more under Christian Service above and under course descriptions.)